AhwazHuman RightsReportsWorld

Where does Ahwazi diverted water goes???

The prosperity of the Iranian desert provinces such as Isfahan, Kerman, Yazd, Qom, and Semnan did not happen only at the expense of destroying the one of the Al-Ahwaz province of Khuzestan (the richest province in the world), when the mentioned governorates’ body were the head of the fifth governments to date, such as (Hashemi Rafsanjani from Kerman), (Mohammad Khatami from Yazd), (Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from Semnan), (Hassan Rouhani from Semnan).

Also the construction of large-scale water-based industries such as steel, petrochemicals, steam plants (combined cycle) and the ceramic and brick industry that does not have any economic justification. Due to water-using products whose water prices are higher than the product itself, will count as an unreasonable measure.

Below is a reference to the water-dependent industries in the Iranian desert provinces that have been constructed during the time of the fifth government to date based on diverted Ahwazi rivers’ water:


Isfahan Province:

Steel Industries:


  • Mobarakeh Steel: (The largest steelmaking complex in Iran that been constructed on 1993)
  • Kohpayeh steel (constructed on 2000)
  • Mahan Sepahan Steel (constructed on 2004)
  • Sazan Jam Steel (constructed on 2010)
  • AshtarJan Isfahan Steel (constructed on 1995)
  • Isfahan Dor Steel (constructed on 2006)
  • Isfahan steel production (constructed on 1995)
  • Isfahan Iron and Steel Company (constructed on 1992)
  • The largest railroad construction company in Iran
  • Mahan Toba Steel (constructed on 2016
  • Foolad Arad company
  • Tooka Foolad company
  • Isfahan Pipe and cans company
  • Isfahan Alloy Steel Company
  • Iran Melting company




  • Isfahan Large Petrochemical Complex (constructed on 1992)
  • Oil refining company (constructed on 1989)
  • Sepahan oil
  • Isfahan Petrochemical Company


Combined cycle power plants


  • Ardestan Combined Cycle Power Plant (constructed on 2008)
  • Zavareh Combined Cycle Power Plant (constructed on 2011)
  • Mohammad Montazeri Combined cycle
  • Isfahan II Combined Cycle


Kerman Province

Steel Industries:

  • Kerman steel industry (constructed on 2001)
  • World Steel Complex in Sirjan, Kerman (A large steel complex consisting of several smelting, casting, rolling, revitalizing, briquetting, etc.)
  • Kerman Bardsir Steel
  • Iranian Bootiye Steel (Subcategory Midco)




  • Fajr Petrochemical Complex (Rafsanjan)
  • Kerman Large petrochemical


Combined cycle power plants

  • Baghin Combined Cycle (constructed on 2015)
  • Rafsanjan Combined Cycle (constructed in 2000)
  • Jiroft Kerman Combined cycle

Yazd Province

Steel Industries:

  • Ardakan Large Steel Complex
  • Arfa’a Iron and steel company
  • Yazd Steel Industrial Group
  • Sarmar Abarkuh Iron and steel industry
  • bafoq Iron and steel
  • Ghadir Iron and steel
  • Yazd Steel Rolling
  • Yazd Alloy steel



Establishment of three large petrochemical units in “Qa’im”, “Abarkuh” and “Meybod” cities has been approved and the next steps for construction and commissioning are underway.


Combined cycle power plants


  • Farab Yazd Combined Cycle
  • Yazd Shirkooh Combined Cycle


Qom Province

Steel Industries:


  • Masiha steel
  • Daghigh Qom Steel makers company
  • West Asia steel company
  • Viyan steel complex
  • Qom steel sheet manufacturing plant
  • Ghostar Qom steel company
  • Salafcheghan steel company




  • Arten Petro Kayhan Qom Petrochemical company
  • Qom Large Petrochemical Complex
  • Doc Oil
  • Sina Chemistry Refinery
  • Shokoohi Qom Petrochemical Co.


Combined cycle power plants


  • Saba Qom Combined Cycle
  • Qom Combined Cycle



Semnan Province

Steel Industries:


  • Semnan steel factory
  • Semnan World Steel company
  • Semnan Rolling factories
  • Barez steel complex
  • Kavir Damghzn steel company
  • Semnan Hot Rolling Company
  • Fajr Semnan Steel
  • Novin Semnan Steel
  • Semnan Danna Steel company
  • Shahroud steel
  • Rolled steel industrial and construction company




  • Semnan Sodium Carbonate Company
  • Morvarid petrochemical
  • Energy Chemistry Company
  • Semnan Petrochemical Company


Combined cycle power plants

  • The Qods Semnan combined cycle
  • Shahid Bakeri’s Combined Cycle
  • Semnan Combined Cycle


Dams constructed:

Now, in order to provide the water needed for these water-based industries, as well as the prosperity of agriculture in the desert provinces, during the mentioned period (from the Iranian fifth state to now), six reservoir dams and a number of regulated and detached dams constructed on the outskirts of the Karkheh, Karoon and Jarahi rivers, which are as follows:

  • Parsel 11 (Banghstan) dam
  • Ghotvand Oliya dam
  • Techan Dam
  • Dez Dam
  • Dehnou Hendijan Dam
  • Ramhormuz (Jareh) dam
  • Septon dam
  • Sare Tirak Haftgel dam
  • Karoon 1 (Shahid Abbass por) dam
  • Shoh Hamid dam
  • Zehiriyeh Dam
  • Karoon 3 dam
  • Karkheh dam
  • Kaltondar dam
  • Maroun Dam
  • Masjed Solieman (Ghedar Lander) dam
  • Vali Asr dam
  • Karkheh Regulatory Dam
  • Ghotvand Regulatory Dam
  • Dez Regulatory Dam
  • Behesht Abad dam
  • Tunel Kuhrangh 3 dam


Ahwazi water transfer tunnels

Tunnel water transfer projects, that is to be diverted to the desert provinces include:

  • Koohrang 1 tunnel to Zayandehrud River (This tunnel was constructed before the revolution in 1979)
  • Koohrang 2 tunnel to Zayandehrud River
  • Koohrang 3 tunnel to Zayandehrud River
  • Gholab 1 tunnel
  • Gholab 2 tunnel
  • Water Transfer Plan (Vanak – Soleghan), With the aim of providing water for Rafsanjan Pistachio gardens
  • Qomroud Transfer Plan

One of the largest water transfer projects in the Middle East, which is from the Dez river in Aligudarz, and according to experts, is the best water in the world. This project is used for providing water for drinking, agricultural and industrial purposes, that feed 10 towns and 30 villages, including (Qom, Saveh, Salafchegan, Golpayegan, Khomein, Mahallat, Nim Rud).


  • Kamal Saleh water transfer project

Water diverted from Dez dam for Arak Industrial use)


  • Behesht Abad Transfer Plan

This project is one of the major projects for the transfer of more than one billion cubic meters’ water for the supply of agricultural and industrial water in the provinces of Kerman, Isfahan and Yazd.


  • Chashmeh Langhan tunnel

Water transfers by this tunnel is mainly uses for Zayandehrud river in Isfahan.


  • Khadanghestan tunnel

Water transfers by this tunnel is mainly uses for Zayandehrud river in Isfahan.


Agricultural purposes

 According to the Iranian minister of energy Mr. Chitchian, quoted by Tasnim news agency that, the current cultivation area has grown five times more than 200,000 hectares in Isfahan province. This trend is also true in other desert provinces.

The Iranian government under pretext of the “transferring water for drinking purposes”, will continue to open new water-base factories in the provinces of Isfahan, Yazd and Kerman, and in one of the Kerman province’s cities and based on the transitional water, is believed to turn into a major pole of steel production in Iran.

In fact, Al-Ahwaz is the victim of Iranian state-neglected policies that is represented in consecutive governments such as fifth and sixth government (the construction government) and the seventh and eighth government (the reform government), the ninth and tenth government (Graceful Government), and the eleventh and twelfth government (the contrive and hope government).

As the result of catastrophic policies that been implemented in Al-Ahwaz region, the region has witnessed the highest levels in the worlds as well as other disastrous phenomena that hits Ahwazi people and environment which they are as follows:


  • Hottest region in the world

Temperatures in Ahwaz city hit 129.2F (54C), near hottest on Earth in modern measurementsand have tied the world record for the most extreme high temperature.


2-    Most polluted region

Ahwaz in south Iran is one of the world’s most polluted cities, according to a recent air quality survey by the World Health Organization.

The city, with a population of about 1.2m people, had the highest count of small airborne particles out of 1,100 urban areas around the world.

These particles can cause asthma, heart disease and lung cancer.



  • The ongoing water crisis in Iran’s Ahwaz region looming towards disaster

The Ahwazi people see this dam and river program, not as the result of incompetence but as part of a deliberate, long-term calculated policy of ethnic cleansing intended to change the demographic balance in the region, which is home to over 95 percent of the oil and gas resources claimed by Iran. The aim, in this view, is to force out most of the Arabs and end their claim to sovereignty or ownership of their resources. In the process, natural habitats, wildlife, crops, and farm animals are suffering horrendously, with environmentalists warning of ecological catastrophe if these problems are not addressed.



  • Poverty, unemployment triggers the rise of suicide in Al-Ahwaz

Poverty due to unemployment resulting from racial discrimination in employment in oil, gas, petrochemicals companies. The second evidence of unemployment is drought due to the construction of dams and the transfer of water to the Persian depth such as Isfahan, Yazd, Kerman and Qom provinces, led to the destruction of agriculture, fishing and palm.



  • Death of more than five thousand fish in Hur Al-Azim and highly contaminated with mercury in Khor Musa

The deaths of fish in the Al-Azim wetland occurs every year in the months of August and September as a result of reducing the level of incoming water to wetland due to Ahwazi river water’s diversion resulting to high degree of temperature and humidity and oxygen depletion that led to death of thousands of Ahwazi fish.


  • Hoor-al-azim wetland, full of wastewater – criminal policies against Falahieyh Wetland

The wastewater is transported to Hoor-al-azim wetland containing heavily chemical metals. In any country, the wetlands are not filled by waste or sewage water as in Iran happens.


  • How Iran’s Khuzestan (part of Al-Ahwaz) went from wetland to wasteland

Khuzestan province is home to two wetlands, also in a critical state. “To the mid 1990s, the depth of water in Horolazim wetland reached ten metres and the natural bushes that grew all around it were as high as 13 metres,” Ahmad Savari, a professor at Khorramshahr’s Science University told Karun newspaper in February. “But hectare after hectare of the wetland was given away for oil extraction. The destruction of these environments is unquestionably linked to the dust storms.”


  • Dams: Iran’s Weapons of Marsh Destruction

The Garden of Eden is dying. Reputed to be two of Eden’s four rivers, the Karoun and Karkheh have been reduced to a trickle as an environmental disaster is unfolds in the Ahwaz region. One of the Middle East’s last verdant areas is being turned into a wasteland as Iran pursues its drive to power up its economy by building a massive complex of dams and divert waters to central Iran.



  • Thousands of Ahwazi citizens suffered from suffocation as a result of dust storms

According to the reports the pollution in the air exceeded more than twenty times the normal rate in the Ahwaz capital and Abadan, reaching more than 1,500 micrograms per cubic meter.


written by:

Faisal Maramazi

Executive director of Ahwazi Centre for Human Rights


Show More

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button